Retrofitting of Coal-Fired Power Plants for CO2 Emissions Reductions

An MIT Energy Initiative Symposium

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About the report

On March 23, 2009, the MIT Energy Initiative (MITEI) sponsored a symposium on the retrofitting of coal-fired power plants to capture CO2 emissions. This report summarizes the views of symposium participants and identifies many key issues, opportunities, and possible “next steps” associated with retrofitting coal-fired power plants for carbon capture. The report represents a range of views from those at the symposium and where possible, includes consensus or general recommendations from the presenters and participants; it is in no way intended to represent the views of all the participants, of specific participants, or of the rapporteur.

Participants represented the range of stakeholders with expertise, equities, and interests in the topic and included 54 representatives of utilities, academia, government, public interest groups, and industry. This invitation-only event was designed specifically to elicit different perspectives and identify areas in which research, policy development, and analysis are needed to address this critical environmental concern.

The report includes four papers, three commissioned for the symposium, to start discussion of current and long-range technologies and research management objectives and strategies.

Several partipants brought with them papers and presentations on aspects of the discussion.

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Full report

Wayne Leonard
Framing the Issue. Slide presentation.

Dale Simbeck
Near-term Technologies for Retrofit CO2 Capture and Storage of Existing Coal-Fired Power Plants in the US

Howard Herzog
A Research Program for Promising Retrofit Technologies

Howard Herzog, Jerry Meldon and Alan Hatton.
Advanced Post-Combustion CO2 Capture.
Courtesy of the Doris Duke Foundation

Joe Hezir and Melanie Kenderdine
Federal Research Management for Carbon Mitigation for Existing Coal Plants

Agenda of the Meeting

List of Participants

Supplementary papers and presentations

Presenters included supplemental materials. In addition to the commissioned papers, several presentations, papers, and other materials were offered by participants to provide perspectives and data to the discussion.

Janos Beer
High Efficiency Electric Power Generation: The Environmental Role. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science. Volume 33, Number 2, April 2007. See preprint.

Higher Efficiency Power Generation Reduces Emissions. National Coal Council Issue Paper (2009).

Dale Simbeck

Calera Corporation
Sequestering CO2 in the Built Environment. slide presentation.

Clean Air Task Force

Paul H. M. Feron
Post-Combustion Capture (PCC) R+D.
Slide presentation courtsey of CSIRO.

Howard Herzog
Capture Technologies for Retrofits. Slide presentation.

Jongsup Hong, et al.
Analysis of Oxy-Fuel Combustion Power Cycle Utilizing a Pressurized Coal Combuster. 2009. forthcoming in Energy, The International Journal. Ahmed Ghoniem (MIT) corresponding author.

Thomas G. Kreutz, Eric D. Larson, Guangjian Liu, and Robert H. Williams.
Fischer-Tropsch Fuels from Coal and Biomass. 25th Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference. 2008

Donald C. Langley and Kiplin C. Alexander
CO2 Capture and Storage for Retrofit Applications.
For the symposium.

Wayne Leonard
Characteristics of the Worldwide Coal Fleet: Implications for CCS Retrofit RD&D. Slide presentation.

Len Polizzotto
Automated Loss-on-Ignition (LOI) Sensor for Improved Coal Power Plant Efficiency. For the symposium.

Satish Reddy, Dennis Johnson, and John Gilmartin.
Fluor’s Econamine FG PlusSM Technology for CO2 Capture at Coal-fired Power Plants. Presented at: Power Plant Air Pollutant Control “Mega” Symposium, August 25-28, 2008, Baltimore

Edward S. Rubin

Steve Specker
Technology Readiness (slide).

Steve Specker, Jeff Phillips, Desmond Dillon
The Potential Growing Role of Retrofits in Early Commercial Applications of CCS to Coal-Fired Power Plants. Courtesy of EPRI.

Jost Wendt
Oxy-Coal Combustion for Retrofit to Existing Boilers: Issues, Opportunities, and Challenges. Slide presentation.